Conventional Educational Institutions throughout Child Education within Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone is bordered on the north-west, north and north-east by simply the Republic Guinea, on the south-east by the Republic of Liberia plus on south-west simply by the Atlantic Water. It has an area of twenty-seven, 925 square kilometers. The colony of Sierra Leone originated from the sale in addition to cession in 1787 by native chiefs to English settlers of the piece of land intended as a home for Africa settlers who have been waifs working in london and later it has been used as the settlement for freed African slaves. The hinterland was reported a British Protectorate on 21st September, 1896. افضل جامعة فى مص attained independence about 27th April, 1961 and became a Republic in year 1971. Education is offered by both non-public and state-sponsored schools. The current program of education is definitely 6-3-4-4 (that is usually six years Principal school, 36 months Youngster Secondary School, several years Senior Second School and four yrs tertiary/higher education. This particular system is complemented by non- formal education.


Education is usually frequently found in the sense of training in the class, laboratory, workshop or even domestic science place and consists mostly within the imparting by simply the teacher, in addition to the acquisition by simply pupils, of information and mental because well as manual skills. A larger meaning than coaching is that of schooling. In other words all that goes in in the school since part of typically the pupil’s life generally there. It includes, among various other things, relationship among pupils and professors, pupils and students both in and outside the college. J. S. Mill (1931) opined that whatever helps to condition the human getting; to make typically the individual what they are or hinder him from getting what he is not really is portion of their education. Implicitly schooling is lifelong in addition to ubiquitous; it’s the sum total of all influences which proceed to come up with a person what they are, from birth to loss of life. It includes your home, our neighbors, and the street among some others.

Education is in order to some extent a deliberate planned procedure devised and carried out by the instructor together with the purpose regarding imbuing the spanish student with certain info, skills, of head and body because well as methods of behavior regarded desirable. In section it is the learner’s own response to the environment in which he or she lives. Education features three focal items: the individual/person upon whom the educator’s influences are delivered to bear; the particular society or local community to which he belongs; and the whole context regarding reality within which often the individual plus society play their very own part. Man is definitely a social monster; he grows as being a person through typically the impact of persona on personality; plus even for his / her basic physical demands he depends on the aid and cooperation of his fellow adult men and women. Without society and typically the mutual support and enrichment of experiences which it provides world is impossible in addition to the life of man, in Hobbes’ words, is “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short. “

One of the fundamental facts regarding human existence is definitely the tension between your pull of the particular past and the forward urge straight into the future, involving stability and transformation, tradition and creativity. For effective dwelling, man requires a group of security, a good area of founded habits and relationship which forms reliable relationships. This will be also true regarding society. For its effective functioning there must be an underlying continuity of traditions and outlook which often preserves its id as a modern society and safeguards this contrary to the disruptive outcomes of change. Change must be for lifetime and not stationary but this modify in turn should be controlled by the basic traditions of society. It is tradition which gives a nation its character and distinctiveness as a society. The conservation regarding tradition therefore is usually obviously crucial.

This has been acknowledged from time immemorial that the conservation of traditional education has an important part to play in the progress the child. Typically the children more recently are typically the adults of the next day; they must learn therefore, to get and perpetuate the beliefs and ways of life peculiar to the certain society to which in turn they belong. Intended for every society gets the desire to protect itself not simply physically but as local community consciously sharing particular aims, ideals and patterns of behavior. This type involving education is not necessarily necessarily formal in schools by means of classroom instruction but that will effected indirectly by way of the family and even from the impact on the subject of the individual of social influences and customs which typically the child cannot evade. In Sierra Leone this social training included elaborate ceremonies of initiation involving feats of endurance by which young adult men and women should prove themselves worth the community. Typically the ultimate goal was to produce an individual who was honest, respectful, skilled, cooperative, and which could adapt the particular social order involving the day. Because Aristotle once explained “the constitution of a state will suffer if schooling is neglected. The particular citizens of the state should usually be educated to suit the constitution with the state. The kind of character appropriate to a metabolism is the force which continues to sustain this it is also the particular state force which usually originally created it” (p. I).


Traditional education has both a creative plus conservation function throughout society; it is just a strong means of keeping a society’s practices, if not traditions. In the past the characteristics and needs of society played part in determining the size of education. Professor E. V. C. Jeffreys (1950) once had written in his guide, Glaucon, that “in a tranquil modern society the educational system may usually reflect typically the social pattern, when social uneasiness in addition to instability create chance for using training as an instrument of social change”(p. 7). A comparable view was distributed by John Dewey (1897) who opined that through training society can produce its own purposes, may organize its very own means and sources and thus preserve itself with definiteness and economy in the direction in which usually it wishes to move. Education appearances both for the past and the long term; inevitably it shows the traditions and even character of modern society. Traditional education enables you to prepare for modifications in society in addition to anticipate preventing adjustments or the effects of changes in community.

Traditional education sustains and hands on the customs in addition to ways of living which constitute the character of a society and maintains its unity. It furthermore helps society to be able to interpret its features in innovative ways to meet the issues of change, looking for ways or outlines of development which are consistent with the traditions and practices and will concurrently raise society to some more complete satisfaction of itself.

Background reveals that at this time there were no elegant schools where children were educated throughout Pre-colonial Sierra Leone. The Poro and even Bondo/Sande Secret Societies were looked upon while institutions to train kids. They were bush schools. And the particular education these bush schools provided has been informal. Children who else had these key societies were considered competent at carrying out there their civic obligations. They became grown ups and can get married to and start living. They considered themselves as you family. Inside other words the two Secret Societies created a sense of comradeship and unity between members irrespective regarding family, clan or even ethnic affiliation. It was therefore considered that children who had not been through these secret organizations were not completely matured.

The Poro Secret Society is for boys. The particular spiritual head associated with the Poro Community is Pa Gbonu, seen only by the older graduates or perhaps members. The actual physical heads are the Pa Sama Yorgbors and Pa Somanos. They direct the activities of the organization. The senior instructors are the Pennsylvania Kashis, who typically teach and give instructions to some other initiators. The Pa Manchiyas act as professors to the starts while the Kachemas will be the scaring spirits. They scare typically the women and kids alike together with the new initiates. The Rakas are the errand boys carrying emails around. The Yambas are the brain boys. The Bomos would be the senior prefects as the Sayboms usually are the prefects; and the monitors would be the Gbanaboms. Informal classes are held in the Secret Poro Rose bush. The subjects taught include Creative Sensible Arts, Performing Disciplines, Practical Agriculture, Medication i. e. utilization of local herbs for that treatment of different ailments), warfare plus other skills. Inside of Creative Practical Martial arts initiates are trained how to help make fishing nets, bins, mats, and making wood and cleaning soap stones into diverse objects such since animals and humans; in Performing Artistry initiates are taught singing, dancing in addition to the use regarding Poro musical tools. In Practical Agriculture initiates practice producing. Boys are trained to bear hardship with out complaint and increase familiar with it. Therefore they are taken to be able to the farms involving their teachers and elders to job on pro pase basis. However during the harvest season initiates could go through these farms having whatever they will need and eat without being questioned by farm owners. Initiates are taught to respect elders in addition to use of weapons to kill pets. In a related vein initiates are usually taught how to use guns in fighting in protection of their communities. Other skills initiates are taught consist of making fish traps, fishing and hunting net, and basketry. Within the use regarding herbs initiates spend money (some freely given) for healing various sicknesses as well as protection against foes, evil spirits in addition to snake bites. Starts who want to cause injury to others employing herbs could ‘redeem’ the herb/medicine concerned. Over all starts are taught a new Language spoken only by members called Ke Sornor. For example fonka trika meaning I will be talking to an individual; fonka bonomi that means Discuss. The employ of this completely new Language makes participants very proud in addition to feel different coming from non-initiates. Graduates come out with new names such because Lamp, Langba in addition to Kolerr. A graduating ceremony climaxes typically the event.

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